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Chloasma (Melasma, Pregnancy Mask)

Melasma What is melasma?

  • Chloasma consists of brown spots/patches on both sides of the face, especially on the cheeks, upper lips, nose and chin. The distribution is usually symmetrical. Chloasma is mainly seen in women of child-bearing age.
  • The colour in Chloasma darkens during sunlight exposure. Chloasma tends to occur during pregnancy and with the use of oral contraceptives.
  • Chloasma may fade after childbirth or discontinuation of oral contraceptives, but it tends to persist.



What is the treatment of melasma?

  • One or more of the following may be tried:
  1. Remove the underlying cause e.g. oral contraceptives.
  2. Use sunscreen regularly and avoid sun exposure as far as possible. This will minimise further darkening of the lesions.
  • Bleaching agents such as hydroquinone can be used to lighten the colour. The treatment usually takes several months.
  • Cosmetic camouflage can be used to hide the colour.



Source of information: here