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What are freckles?

  • Freckles are pale brown spots less than 5 mm in diameter with poorly defined margins.
  • They are first noticed during childhood and are common in fair-skinned individuals.
  • Usually occurring on the face, they darken on sun exposure.
  • They are caused by an increased amount of melanin in the pigment cells. The number  of pigment cells is normal.



How are freckles treated?

  • Avoidance of sunlight exposure will help to reduce pigmentation.
  • One should avoid the sun as much as possible and use sunscreen regularly.
  • The sunscreen should have a SPF (sun protection factor) of greater than 15.
  • Camouflage make-up may be used.
  • Freckles may sometimes respond to chemical peels and laser ablation.



Source of information: here