What are skin cancers ?
There are many types of skin cancers. The three common skin cancers are :-
1. Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)
- This presents as a firm irregular fleshy growth usually on sun exposed skin.
- The growth can increase rapidly in size giving rise to a large lump which may sometimes break down to form an ulcer.
- If untreated, the cancer may spread to the surrounding lymph glands.
- SCC usually appears in elderly patients. Chronic sun exposure is an important contributing factor in the development of this type of skin cancer.
- Bowen’s disease is a squamous cell carcinoma limited to the superficial part of the skin (intraepithelial). (In the genital area, it is also called Erythroplasia of Queyrat or VIN III (Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia)
2. Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
- This is a slow growing painless skin cancer.
- The cancer often presents as an indolent ulcer with a shiny or translucent raised margin. The ulcer is often pigmented.
- This cancer commonly appears on the face.
- Basal cell carcinoma
3. Malignant Melanoma
- This is a cancer of the pigment cells of the skin.
- It is a highly malignant skin cancer.
- It presents as dark brown or black skin growth or ulcer. It may look like ordinary moles. But unlike the common mole:
- it grows rapidly
- its surface has several shades of red, black or blue colours
- its margin is irregular
- it tends to be large.
- it tends to be thick.
- Melanoma is uncommon among Asians where it occurs on the fingers, toes and face.
- Superficial spreading malignant melanoma
Treatment for skin cancers
- All skin cancers should be removed immediately.
- The cancerous tumours must be destroyed or removed surgically.
- Sometimes, a small piece of the tumour is removed (skin biopsy) first for examination to confirm if it is cancerous.
Source of information: here